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This image is of a painting called Judith Slaying Holofernes by Artemisia Gentileschi. Gentileschi was an Italian Baroque Painter who lived from around 1593 to 1656 and became the first woman to be accepted as a member of the Accademia di Arte del Disegno, a renowned art academy in Florence.
This piece depicts Judith’s murder of Holofernes, a general sent to kill all the Jews. Judith, overhearing this story, decides to come into favor with Holofernes with her beauty. After he gets very drunk, she beheads him and saves the Jewish people.
Gentileschi was born into a painter’s family, and her artistic talents were cultivated and encouraged by her father. Her father was working together with another painter on a project, and he hired him to also be Gentileschi’s tutor. However, this painter Agostino Tassi raped Gentileschi at the age of 17, and her family only pressed charges after finding out that this tutor, Agostino Tassi, was not planning on marrying her and instead planned to steal some paintings from the family. He ended up serving one year in jail, but this experience marked a change for Gentileschi in her artistic styles.
Gentileschi is an innovator of artistic styles, one of the first feminist artists, and one of the first respected female artists. In her works, she displays liberated and free women, and her life has inspired novels, movies, and plays.